At the UNECE Regional Conference on Transport and the Environment held in 1997, Ministers decided to work towards a close integration of environment, health and transport policies at the local, national and international level. Ministers at the 1999 London Conference on Environment and Health emphasised further the need to involve environment and health authorities in decision-making on transport, land-use and infrastructure policies. In 2002, the Second High-Level Meeting on Transport, Environment and Health considered that cross-sectoral integration remains one of the main challenges for achieving sustainable and healthy transport and should constitute a priority area where further action should be pursued in the framework of THE PEP.
At the EU level, integration of environmental issues into other policy areas became a priority in the early 90’s and its importance was reaffirmed in the Sixth Environment Action Programme. Since 1997, environmental integration is a requirement under the EC Treaty (Article 6). It is put into practice through the “Cardiff process”, launched at the 1998 European Council, under which the different sectors are required to produce strategies for integrating environmental considerations into their respective activities. The need for policy integration has also been strongly advocated by the European Commission’s White Paper on Transport.
The integration of transport, environment and health is one of the four priority areas constituting THE PEP policy framework. It involves: